Grimace (Reflex irritability)
Activity (Muscle tone)
The Apgar score was devised in 1952 by Dr. Virginia Apgar and used to evaluate the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained. The resulting Apgar score ranges from zero to 10. The five criteria are summarized using words chosen to form a
(Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration).
Apgar, Virginia (1953). A proposal for a new method of evaluation of the newborn infant. Curr. Res. Anesth. Analg. 32 (4): 260–267.
Finster M; Wood M. (April 2005). The Apgar score has survived the test of time. Anesthesiology 102 (4): 855–857.(
This applet is free for your personal use. However please note that use of this applet is for educational purposes only and you use the information provided here at your own risk. You are advised to double check the values obtained here prior to use.
More medical web apps
For more apps, visit :
The test is generally done at 1 and 5 minutes after birth, and may be repeated later if the score is and remains low. Scores 3 and below are generally regarded as critically low, 4 to 6 fairly low, and 7 to 10 generally normal. A low score on the one-minute test may show that the neonate requires medical attention but is not necessarily an indication that there will be long-term problems, particularly if there is an improvement by the stage of the five-minute test. If the Apgar score remains below 3 at later times such as 10, 15, or 30 minutes, there is a risk that the child will suffer longer-term neurological damage. There is also a small but significant increase of the risk of cerebral palsy. However, the purpose of the Apgar test is to determine quickly whether a newborn needs immediate medical care; it was not designed to make long-term predictions on a child's health.